Bladder cancer begins in the bladder, typically in the cells that line the bladder. Symptoms of bladder cancer can include abdominal pain, lower back pain, blood in the urine, and frequent urge to urinate. The exact cause of bladder cancer is still unknown, but smoking and exposure to certain chemicals are primary risk factors.
- The Bladder Matters: What Women Need to Know (Briefing, July 2010)
- The Bladder Matters (Briefing, November 2004)