Diabetes is a disease that results from having high sugar levels in the blood, because the body has difficulty converting sugar to energy. In type 1 diabetes, the body cannot produce any insulin, so people with this type must take insulin injections to survive. In type 2 diabetes, which is much more common, the body’s cells either become slower to respond to insulin or don’t make enough of it. Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar (glucose) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. Diabetes is the fifth leading cause of death for women in the United States.

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