Post-Partum Depression is a clinical depression that affects 10 – 15% of women after delivery. PPD typically occurs within the first 3 months but can occur up to 1 year after delivery. The symptoms and signs of PPD are similar to the symptoms of major depression: low mood, sadness, sleep and eating disturbances, feeling of being overwhelmed, low energy, and inability to be comforted, among others. PPD can last a few months up to a year. The major risk factors are a history of depression, intensity of “baby blues,” trauma associated with childbirth, a history of abuse, and a lack of social support after delivery. Multiple treatment options exist ranging from support groups, to psychotherapy, to pharmacotherapy.


Scientific articles:

  • Yim IS, Tanner Stapleton LR, Guardino CM, Hahn-Holbrook J, Dunkel Schetter C: Biological and Psychosocial Predictors of Postpartum Depression: Systematic Review and Call for Integration. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. 2015;11:99-137.
  • Howard LM, Molyneaux E, Dennis CL, Rochat T, Stein A, Milgrom J: Non-psychotic mental disorders in the perinatal period. Lancet. 2014;384:1775-1788.