2002- 2007

Mission Statement

Develop collaborations for exploratory and hypothesis-driven research on sex differences in nervous system function, and to translate the results of this research into new and/or improved therapies for advancing human health.


  • Jill B. Becker, PhD, University of Michigan (Network Chair)
  • Arthur P. Arnold, PhD, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Wolfgang Sadée, Dr.rer.nat, Ohio State University
  • Meir Steiner, M.D., PhD, FRCPC, McMaster University
  • Karen J. Berkley, PhD, Florida State University

  • Jane R. Taylor, PhD, Yale University School of Medicine
  • Jeffrey D. Blaustein, PhD, University of Massachusetts
  • Elizabeth Hampson, PhD, University of Western Ontario
  • Steve S. Zalcman, PhD, University of Medicine and Dentistry-New Jersey Medical School
  • James P. Herman, PhD, University of Cincinnati Medical Center

Peer-reviewed Publications and Reviews

  • Jill B. Becker et al., “Strategies and Methods for Research on Sex Differences in Brain and Behavior.” Endocrinology 146, no. 4 (2005): 1650–1673. PMID:15618360
  • Karen J. Berkley, Steven S. Zalcman, and Viviana R. Simon, “Sex and Gender Differences in Pain and Inflammation: A Rapidly Maturing Field.” Call for Papers, American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 291 (2006): R241-R244.PMID:16675636
  • Julia K. Pinsonneault, Audrey C. Papp, and Wolfgang Sadée, “Allelic mRNA Expression of X-linked Monoamine Oxidase a (MAOA) in Human Brain: Dissection of Epigenetic and Genetic Factors.” Human Molecular Genetics 15, no. 17 (2006): 2636-2649. PMID:16893905
  • Helmer F. Figueiredo et al., “Estrogen Potentiates Adrenocortical Responses to Stress in Female Rats.” American Journal of Physiology – Endocrinology and Metabolism 292 (2007): E1173-E1182. PMID:1717939
  • Jennifer J. Quinn et al., “Sex Chromosome Complement Regulates Habit Formation.” Nature Neuroscience 10, no. 11 (2007): 1398-1400. PMID:17952068
  • Jill B. Becker et al., “Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior.” Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Ying Zhang et al., “Polymorphisms in Human Dopamine D2 Receptor Gene Affect Gene Expression, Splicing, and Neuronal Activity during Working Memory.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA 104, no. 51 (2007): 20552-20557. PMID:18077373
  • Kristin M. Olesen et al., “Long-term Alteration of Anxiolytic Effects of Ovarian Hormones in Female Mice by a Peripubertal Immune Challenge.” Hormones and Behavior 60, no. 4 (2011): 318-326. PMID:21722643
  • Nafissa Ismail, Peter Garas, and Jeffrey D. Blaustein, “Long-term Effects of Pubertal Stressors on Female Sexual Receptivity and Estrogen Receptor-αexpression in Female CD-1 Female Mice.” Hormones and Behavior 59, no. 4 (2011): 565-571. PMID:21376052

Oral Presentations, Symposia, and Workshops

  • “Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior.” Satellite Symposium at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA, Nov 8-12, 2003. Presenters: Sherry Marts, Jill B. Becker, Arthur P. Arnold, Jeffrey D. Blaustein, Jane R. Taylor, Lisa R. Jackson, and Elizabeth A. Young.
  • “Sex in the Brain: Genes, Hormones, and Behavior.” Symposium at the Second World Congress on Women’s Mental Health, Washington, D.C., March 17–20, 2004. Co-Chairs: Jill B. Becker and Meir Steiner. Presenters: Arthur P. Arnold, Jeffrey D. Blaustein, Jill B. Becker, and Elizabeth A. Young.
  • “Strategies and methods for research on sex differences in brain and behavior.” Half-day workshop at the Annual Meeting of the International Society of Psychoneuroendocrinology, July 2004.Presenters: Sherry Marts, Jill B. Becker, Karen J. Berkley, Elizabeth A. Young, and Meir Steiner.
  • “Sex, Gender, Drugs, and the Brain.” Symposium at The Neuroscience Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, October 23–27, 2004. Chair: Jill B. Becker. Presenters: Jill B. Becker, Lisa A.M. Galea, Jon-Kar Zubieta, and Meir Steiner
  • “Sex Differences in Pain and Analgesia.” Symposium at the 35th International Congress of the International Union of Physiological Societies: “From Genomes to Functions”, San Diego, CA, April 2, 2005. Event co-sponsored by SWHR. Chair: Karen J. Berkley. Presenters: Jeffrey Mogil, Emeran A. Mayer, Anita Holdcroft, and Jon-Kar Zubieta.
  • “Long-term Influences of Peripubertal/Adolescent Stressors on Adult Brain and Behavior.” Symposium at the Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology Annual Meeting, Groningen, The Netherlands, July 2008. Presenters: Jeffrey D. Blaustein, J. Jonas, and Julie LaRoche.
  • “Altered Neural and Behavioral Response to Ovarian Hormones in Adulthood by Peripubertal Stressors.” Keynote Address at the Mexican Society of Physiologists, Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico, September 2010. Presenter: Jeffrey D.
  • “Enduring Influences of Adolescent Stress in Response to Ovarian Hormones.” Presentation within symposium at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., October 2011. Presenter: Jeffrey D. Blaustein.

SWHR-Funded Projects

  • “Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of low dose transdermal 17beta-estradiol acceleration of escitalopram in major depression with postpartum onset.” Awarded to Meir Steiner, Wolfgang Sadée, and Elizabeth Hampson, 2003-2006.
  • “Sex chromosomes effect on brain and behavior.” Awarded to Jill B. Becker, Arthur P. Arnold, and Jane R. Taylor, 2003-2006.
  • “Enduring the effects of prepubertal exposure to stressors on reproductive behavior in mice.” Awarded to Jeffrey D. Blaustein and James P. Herman, 2007-2008.
  • “IL2-induced behavioral change: Role of sex differences and development.” Awarded to Steven S. Zalcman and James P. Herman, 2007-2008.