Protected: SWHR Women’s Health Dashboard
Inside the Dashboard
Five women’s health issues emerged as the focus areas of the dashboard because they were the leading causes of death or disease burden for women, and/or they were the most disproportionate causes of death for women compared to men:
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Breast Cancer
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Ischemic Heart Disease
Diseases that Significantly Impact Women’s Health, 2018
*Source: CDC Wonder 
**Source: WHO Global Health Estimates 
For each of the conditions featured in the dashboard, the following information is highlighted:
- Disease Burden, including economic burden and disparities among populations of women
- Disease Prevalence & Mortality, stratified by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and/or geography based on data availability
- Disease Impacts and Influences, including research investment, health disparities, and insurance coverage
- Resources and References
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurological disorder that affects memory, thinking, and behavior. Despite being the most common form of dementia, the cause of AD is not fully understood. In 2018, of the estimated 5.5 million people ages 65 and older with AD in the United States, two-thirds were women.
Breast cancer is a disease in which there is uncontrolled cell growth that has developed from breast tissue. As with other types of cancer, breast cancer is caused by genetic abnormalities or mutations in the genes which are responsible for regulating cell growth. In 2020, female breast cancer became the most commonly diagnosed cancer globally, accounting for 11.7% of all new cancer cases.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to a group of progressive lung diseases that cause damage to the lungs and airflow blockage, resulting in difficulty breathing. The inflammation and airway obstruction characterized in COPD often result from contributions from bronchitis and/or emphysema. In 2018, of the 17.5 million people with COPD in the United States, over 10 million were women.
Depressive disorders are mood disorders which can affect a person’s thoughts, feelings, and ability to function. Depressive disorders include both major depressive disorder (clinical depression) and persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), and can be caused by a multitude of factors including biology, environment, genetics, and psychology. In 2018, an estimated 9.6% of women in the United States reported that they were experiencing depression.
Ischemic Heart Disease
Ischemic heart disease (IHD), also known as coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease, refers to the reduced blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart that is often caused by plaque buildup in the surrounding arteries. The lack of oxygen and other key nutrients increases risk for a heart attack. In 2018, 4.6% of females in the United States were living with IHD, which was also the leading cause of death for both women and men.