Osteoarthritis (OA), or degenerative joint disease, is the most common type of arthritis. It is a chronic condition characterized by the breakdown of the joint’s cartilage. As cartilage is the part of the joint that cushions the ends of bones and allows for easy movement, its breakdown causes bones to collide, resulting in stiffness, pain and loss of movement in the joint.

See also: Musculoskeletal Health

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