Women and girls are disproportionately affected by bladder health issues, which can significantly disrupt daily life. Cytocele (also known as a prolapsed or dropped bladder) is a urological disorder specific to women caused by a weakening of the pelvic floor. Women are also at increased risk for urinary tract infections compared to men, and more than 50% of women will experience an infection in her lifetime. Urinary incontinence is more prevalent in women than men, and while this health issue tends to peak after menopause, it also affects up to 25% of women age 18 to 44. Urological health across a woman’s lifespan is an important and often overlooked area of women’s health.

Urology is part of the SWHR Gynecologic Health Network, which engages the following focus areas: Endometriosis, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Urology, and Uterine Fibroids.

Program Goals

  • Review the current science around sex and gender differences in bladder health, with special focus on urinary incontinence and urinary tract infections
  • Identify knowledge gaps and make recommendations to inform research, policy, and education concerning women’s bladder health
  • Raise awareness of women’s bladder health through advocacy among agencies, patient advocacy groups, and medical societies
  • Promote bladder health education among health care providers, educators, and the general public

Facts about Urology


of patients with urinary incontinence are women


of women never discuss urinary incontinence symptoms with their health care provider


of women experience recurrent urinary tract infections

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